File:GHCN Temperature Stations.png

From Global Warming Art


The network of instrumental temperature stations is used to create global mean temperature records such as this one.
Complementary network of free-floating ocean measuring sensors.

The Global Historical Climatology Network[1][2] (GHCN) is one of the primary reference compilations of temperature data used for climatology, and is the foundation of the GISTEMP Temperature Record[3]. This map shows the 7,280 fixed temperature stations in the GHCN catalog color coded by the length of the available record. Sites that are actively updated in the database (2,277) are marked as "active" and shown in large symbols, other sites are marked as "historical" and shown in small symbols. In some cases, the "historical" sites are still collecting data but due to reporting and data processing delays (of more than a decade in some cases) they do not contribute to current temperature estimates.

As is evident from this plot, the most densely instrumented portion of the globe is in the United States, while Antarctica is the most sparsely instrumented land area. Parts of the Pacific and other oceans are more isolated from fixed temperature stations, but this is supplemented by volunteer observing ships that record temperature information during their normal travels. This image shows 3,832 records longer than 50 years, 1,656 records longer than 100 years, and 226 records longer than 150 years. The longest record in the collection began in Berlin in 1701 and is still collected in the present day.


This image was created by Robert A. Rohde.

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This image is an original work created for Global Warming Art by Robert A. Rohde.

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<refdefine name="a1992">Vose, R. S., Richard L. Schmoyer, Peter M. Steurer, Thomas C. Peterson, Richard Heim, Thomas R. Karl, and J. Eischeid (1992). The Global Historical Climatology Network: long-term monthly temperature, precipitation, sea level pressure, and station pressure data. Oak Ridge, Tennessee: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. </refdefine> <refdefine name="a1997">Peterson, Thomas C. and Russell S. Vose (1997). "An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network temperature data base". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78: 2837-2849. </refdefine>

  1. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named a1992
  2. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named a1997
  3. ^ [abstract] Jones, P.D. and A. Moberg (2003). "Hemispheric and large-scale surface air temperature variations: An extensive revision and an update to 2001". Journal of Climate 16: 206-223. 

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current04:16, 29 November 2006Thumbnail for version as of 04:16, 29 November 2006900×595 (82 KB)Robert A. Rohde (Talk | contribs)